Periodontics is a dental specialty dealing with studying and treating supporting structures of teeth. Supporting structures include gums, bones and tissue. These structures are subject to the effect of bacteria and acids which develop in the oral cavity, but also to genetic and hormonal causes.
Periodontitis is a disease which leads to the deterioration of supporting structures of teeth. The main causes of periodontitis are genetics, hormones and bacteria which develop due to inadequate oral hygiene and poor diet. This disease can cause teeth loss. It is extremely serious, so it is important to pay attention to its symptoms:
Swollen and sensitive gums
Redness and bleeding gums
Aching gums, tooth mobility
Tip: If you notice any of these symptoms, book an appointment with your dentist immediately.
Periodontitis develops in a couple of stages:
Gingivitis – inflammation of gums, which is the first stage of periodontitis; if it’s not treated, it can develop into periodontitis
Note: The symptoms of periodontitis are not very intensive, so you should pay close attention to them and take good care of your oral hygiene to minimize bacteria in the oral cavity.